Orange County, Los Angeles

The Southern California county of Orange is part of the greater Los Angeles metropolitan area. California’s third-largest county has a population of 3,010,232, making it the sixth-largest in the United States and more populous than 21 states. In terms of population density, it’s second only to San Francisco County in the state. Anaheim, Santa Ana, and Irvine are the county’s three most populous cities, each with a population above 300,000. The county seat is located in Santa Ana. San Clemente and Seal Beach are two of the county’s six Pacific-coast cities, Huntington Beach and Newport Beach.

The Los Angeles–Long Beach–Anaheim Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Orange County. There are 34 incorporated cities in the county. In contrast to the historic downtowns of older cities like Santa Ana, Anaheim, Orange, and Fullerton, which date back to the nineteenth century, the “edge cities” along I-5 between Disneyland and Santa Ana, as well as the stretch between South Coast Plaza and the Irvine Business Complex, and their center at the Irvine Spectrum, feature more contemporary business development. Although most Orange County comprises single-family homes, Northern and Central Orange County are more urbanized and dense than that outside of Irvine, which are less dense, but still contiguous and primarily suburban rather than exurban in character.

As a tourist hotspot with attractions like Disneyland and Knott’s Berry Farm Mission San Juan Capistrano Modjeska House and Segerstrom Center for the Arts and Yost Theater, as well as famous beaches along its more than 40 miles of coastline, Orange County is a significant draw for visitors. The University of California, Irvine (UCI), and several smaller colleges and universities make up the academic landscape of the city.

Native Americans from the Tongva, Juaneo and Luiseo tribes have lived in the area for centuries. A Spanish expedition led by Junipero Serra named the area Valle de Santa Ana after the 1769 expedition of Gaspar de Portolà (Valley of Saint Anne). [10] Mission San Juan Capistrano was established on November 1, 1776, as the first permanent European settlement in the San Gabriel Valley area. José Manuel Nieto and José Antonio Yorba were among those who accompanied Portolá. Rancho Santiago de Santa Ana and Rancho Los Nietos were given to these men as land grants. In 1834, the Nieto dynasty was given land. It was known as Rancho Los Alamitos, Rancho Las Bolas, and Rancho Los Coyotes. Santa Ana Canyon Ranch (Rancho Caón de Santa Ana) and Ranch Lomas de Santiago (Rancho Lomas de Santiago) were also awarded to Yorba heirs Bernardo Yorba and Teodosio Yorba. Orange County has several ranchos that date back to the Mexican occupation of the region.

Orange County, Los Angeles

The emergence of viticulture as a result of Spanish colonial rule

In the latter half of 1769, Saint Junipero Serra y Ferrer and the first members of the Portolá Expedition arrived in what is now known as San Diego. When Serra was a missionary in Mexico and Spain, he complained about the laboriousness of the wine import process, which was common practice for the early immigrants.

Per the definitive A History of Wine in America, written by Thomas Pinney in 1989:

“In 1779, ten years after the Franciscans first arrived in California, San Juan Capistrano made the first direct mention of grape planting at a California mission. 1781 may have been a possible year for the first harvest, but evidence points to 1782 as a more likely date. An important essay written by Roy Brady establishes this chronology for the first wine to be produced in California and identifies the supply ship, San Antonio, under the command of Don José Camacho as the ship where these vines were brought to the state in May 1778. A long-overdue public honor awaits the state’s most overlooked benefactor, if so. From its humble origins at San Juan Capistrano, the system of missions expanded over time, with varying degrees of success.”
In the following decades, Los Angeles and Orange Counties saw an increase in the importance of viticulture. More than 100 vineyards thrived in the region by the 1850s. Fifty German-Americans (whose ancestry dates back to Franconia) founded Anaheim in 1857 in search of a suitable grape-growing area. The Anaheim Vineyard Company was formed after this group paid $2 per acre for a parcel of 1,165 acres (4.71 km2) from Juan Pacifico Ontiveros’ Rancho San Juan Cajon de Santa Ana. Charles Kohler and John Frohling partnered with surveyor George Hansen to plant 400,000 grapevines on Santa Ana River in 1875, and Anaheim’s wine production topped 1 million gallons annually by 1880. Phylloxera and Pierce’s Disease afflicted vineyards later, but wine production continued.

Nineteenth and twentieth century

The cattle-ranching industry was decimated by a severe drought in the 1860s, and large tracts of land became the property of land barons like Richard O’Neill, Sr. James Irvine, and others. 1887 brought settlers to the Santa Ana Mountains after discovering the silver.

Southern California before the 1889 breakup of Orange County.
California’s legislature has passed a bill authorizing the portion of Los Angeles County south of Coyote Creek to hold a referendum on whether to remain a part of Los Angeles County or to secede and form a new county called “Orange,” as directed by the legislature. On June 4, 1889, the residents of the area south of Coyote Creek voted 2,509 to 500 in favor of secession in a referendum that required a two-thirds majority. Los Angeles County filed three lawsuits in the courts after such a referendum, but these efforts were unsuccessful. There was a second referendum south of Coyote Creek on July 17, 1889, in which the county seat and every county officer were elected in Anaheim or Santa Ana, respectively. Ultimately, Santa Ana won such a referendum. Orange County became a legal entity on August 1, 1889, after a referendum was held following state law. This agreement with Los Angeles County to trade land around Coyote Creek was the only change in Orange County’s geography since its incorporation.

Citrus was allegedly chosen as the county’s name to entice newcomers with the promise of a paradise where anything can grow.

Aside from oranges and avocados, the early economy depended heavily on oil extraction from these crops. The Pacific Electric Railway, a trolley line connecting Los Angeles with Santa Ana and Newport Beach, was completed on July 4, 1904. Celebrities in early Hollywood could now easily escape to Orange County for the weekend because of the link. In honor of Henry E. Huntington, president of Pacific Electric and nephew of Collis Huntington, Pacific City renamed itself Huntington Beach. Completing the State Route and U.S. Route 101 (now mostly Interstate 5) in the 1920s further improved transportation.

After World War II, agriculture, involving Walter Knott’s famous boysenberries, began to decline. On the other hand, the county’s fortunes rose dramatically during this period. Orange County became a popular place to live for workers in the aerospace and manufacturing industries after Interstate 5 was completed in 1954. [20] The opening of Disneyland in 1955 further boosted Orange County’s economy.

Orange County’s population had surpassed two million for the first time in the 1980s, making it California’s second-most populous county.

The criminal prosecution of Treasurer Robert Citron in 1994 resulted from an investment fund meltdown. At least $1.5 billion was wiped out by the county’s risky bond investments. Some media outlets put the blame on derivatives for the loss. Chapter 9 bankruptcy was declared on December 6, 1994, by the Orange County government, and the county emerged from bankruptcy in June of the following year. Orange County, California, the default was the largest in the history of municipal bankruptcy filings in the United States.

Disputes arose between established areas in the north and less developed areas in the south over land use issues. These conflicts took place over constructing new toll roads and repurposing a decommissioned airbase. After a vote in 1994, El Toro Marine Corps Air Station was designated as an international airport developed alongside John Wayne Airport. However, subsequent voter and court actions have permanently halted the airport plan. Now it’s home to the Great Park of Orange County and the Orange County Housing Development Authority.

Orange County, California

From Costa Mesa, you can see Huntington Beach and Fountain Valley.
The northern and southern parts of Orange County are sometimes separated. North and South Orange County have distinct political, demographic, economic, and cultural identities. This freeway serves as a famous boundary between the two regions.

First developed and culturally closer to Los Angeles County are Anaheim, Fullerton, and Santa Ana in North Orange County. This area has a higher percentage of Hispanic and Asian populations, is more densely populated, younger, less wealthy, and has a higher unemployment rate. The population is more evenly split between renters and homeowners, and Democrats outnumber Republicans. In addition to Republican-leaning Yorba Linda and affluent areas like Anaheim Hills and Villa Park, there are notable outliers to these general trends. North Orange County is mainly flat, with the Santa Ana Mountains rising up in the distance to the north.

The South Orange County region has a more affluent and Republican demographic, is less ethnically diverse, and is relatively new. As a major employment center and home to a sizable Asian population (although most of these residents are East Asian rather than Southeast Asian), Irvine, the region’s largest city, defies some of these generalizations. Irvine, Newport Beach, and the towns to the southeast, including Laguna Beach, Mission Viejo, and San Clemente, are almost always included in South Orange County. Despite its location mainly to the west of the Costa Mesa Freeway, Costa Mesa is sometimes included in South County[29]. [30] The San Joaquin Hills and the Santa Ana Mountains separate Irvine from the rest of South Orange County, which is primarily flat.

The Orange Coast is another area of Orange County, which encompasses the six coastal cities. To name a few, these are (in descending order of distance from the northwest): Seal Beach, Dana Point, Huntington Beach, Newport Beach, and Laguna Beach.

Source 1 : MJMDesignz
Source 2: Wikipedia